A black eye occurs when blood and other fluids in the space around the eye collect, causing the area to swell and discolor. This is common upon receiving injury to the face or head such as a blow to the eye or the nose. Surgical procedures such as a facelift, and jaw or nose surgery can also cause this bruising. What you have below are just common first aid procedures for a black eye in case of emergencies. It is always best to consult a doctor whenever possible:
Black eyes can be minor or can be a sign of a serious injury. Professional medical attention should be called if the following signs are present:
- loss of consciousness
- bleeding from the eyeball
- both eyes are bruised
- loss or bluriness of vision
- dizziness and nausea
For minor bruising, ask the injured person to rest. Apply ice wrapped in a cloth or placed inside an ice pack to the injury to decrease pain and swelling. Frozen vegetables wrapped in a cloth can also work. Do this for 20 minutes for each waking hour for 24 hours.
Again, have the injury checked by a doctor to make sure that there are no serious underlying injury.